Agriculture is the practice of growing crops and livestock. There would not have been life possible without the crops and the techniques used to grow them. Agriculture is one of the largest sectors providing occupation to the people to earn their livelihood and raise families.
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The various factors affecting agriculture are:
- Geology and Type of Soil
- Pesticides and Fertilisers
- Water irrigation
- Farming techniques
Geology and Type of soil
Soil is the most important material in agriculture on which the crops grow. It consists of sand, clay, inorganic materials, organic matter, microorganisms, water and minerals, depending on the geology of the region. There are physical and mineral properties that differentiate one soil from another. Physical properties include texture, colour, depth and structure. Mineral properties include the amount of magnesium, and potassium present in the soil, porosity, water content and its consistency and stone content.
Season and Climate
Climate is the most important factor that influences the growth of crops. Agriculture is highly vulnerable to climate change. It is the process governed by the crop seasons, and different crops are sown and grown according to the existing and coming seasons. Temperature and precipitation are important factors for the best agricultural growth. Unsuitable environmental conditions hamper the agricultural processes.
Water Irrigation Systems
Good agricultural yield depends on good water irrigation systems. For this, the government plays a pivotal role in ensuring good water irrigation systems for the farmers and agriculturalists. Rainfall is one important factor for good growth. Farmers use techniques like rainwater harvesting systems to store water for the times when there might be an inadequacy of water. During such days, farmers and labour can use the stored water for irrigation purposes.
Pesticides and fertilisers
Pesticides are the chemicals used to improve the growth of plants and crops and protect them from harmful microorganisms and pests that possess a threat to the plants. Fertilisers help to enhance the quality of soil and in turn the growth of crops as they contain useful soil contents, minerals and chemicals. Moreover, farmers use organic methods to improve the soil quality and crop growth.
Usually practised agricultural farming techniques are crop growing, fish trapping and fire-stick farming. In crop growing, the standard process of soil preparation, sowing of seeds, manuring, irrigation, weeding and harvesting is involved. The farming techniques used by farmers determine the outcome of the production of crops. So best techniques are chosen by agriculturists to gain more crop growth. Government facilities and policies are the key factors to determine high crop production.
There are other factors also which affect the practices of agriculture like capital investment, agriculture machinery, market demand, etc. As agriculture is altogether a separate branch of study, students require proper guidance and best assignment help. To fulfil their needs, they look for online assignment services. Many of them seek Australia assignment help.
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